Artillery, a branch that integrates the role of combat through fire, is the main means of fire support of the Brazilian Army. Its mission is to support the Force with fire, destroying or neutralizing targets that threaten the success of the operation. The Brazilian Artillery is divided into two types, Field and Antiaircraft, and underwent profound transformations caused by constant technological or tactical evolutions, which contributed to the increased combat power of the maneuver elements. Based on precision, suitability, synchronization, readiness and networking, it provides volume and firepower to the Command at the times and places required for maneuver, hence its unquestionable and fundamental role in combat.
“ BATTLES ARE WON WITH FIRE! ”
| COURSE ACTIVITIES
ESA Artillery course is designed to provide the students with the skills to serve as Junior NCO's able to: perform the main operational duties at war and non-war and administrative tasks as well as military justice activities provided for their Military Qualification, in the ranks of Junior NCO: acting as Instructor and Monitor; command or lead the troops compatible with their rank and corresponding to their Specific Military Qualification - in the case of Artillery - and participate, in the context of the ground force, as an essential element of its structure, acting as a fundamental link between the command and the troop.
| THE FATHER OF ARTILLERY
MARSHAL EMÍLIO LUIZ MALLET
Marshal Emilio Luiz Mallet - Baron of Itapevi was consecrated by Dec. 51424 of 13 March 1962, as the Father of the Artillery, in whose bosom he was forged and established himself with the honorable title of Symbol of Brazilian Artillery.
Mallet was born in Dunkirk - France, on 10 June 1801, and died in Rio de Janeiro on 2 January 1866, after 68 years of devotion to the creation of his new homeland, both in peace and at war. His remains rest in a mausoleum erected in Santa Maria - RS, next to the 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, the MALLET REGIMENT.
As a lieutenant, in command of two Artillery pieces, Mallet played a prominent role in the Battle of Passo do Rosario, 20 February 1827. In the war against Oribe and Rosas (1851-52), as captain, he campaigned against Oribe as commander of the 1st Regiment, then drawn by oxen. Since then, the unit has been traditionally nicknamed "Ox in Boots", because the oxen that crossed the mudflats in winter seemed to be wearing boots. Mallet had the highest and most glorious point of his career commanding the 1st Horse Artillery Regiment, the current Mallet Regiment, at the Battle of Tuiuti on 24 May 1866. Leading his regiment at the front in a position behind a pit dug with the help of the Engineers Battalion, he displayed remarkable skill in maneuvering his "Revolver Artillery", and expressed his determination in the heat of the fight with the following words: "They won't pass here." He was the first to contain and repel the enemy masses who, at all costs, intended to break into the Allied position. After this event, he was promoted to colonel for bravery.
Mallet epitomized the Military Virtues of bravery, courage, devotion, and selflessness, as an Army officer, in all the external wars of the Empire of Brazil: Cisplatine War (1825-28); War against Oribe and Roses (1851-52); War against Aguirre (1864); and War of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay (1865-70).
retirado do livro MALLET, O Patrono da Artilharia ,Biblioteca do Exército Editora 2ª Edição 1995)
|ANTHEM OF ARTILLERY|
Written: JORGE PINHEIRO
Music: Christian Zaihn
Eu sou a poderosa Artilharia
Que na luta se impõe pela metralha,
A missão das outras armas auxilia,
E prepara o campo de batalha,
Com seus tiros de tempo e percussão,
As fileiras inimigas leva a morte e a confusão.
Se montada, sou par da Infantaria
Nos combates, nas marchas, na vitória!
A cavalo acompanho a cavalaria
Nos contatos, nas cargas e na glória
Com rajadas de fogo surpreender
As vanguardas inimigas e depois retroceder
Quer de costa, antiaérea ou de campanha ,
Eu domino no mar, no ar, na terra,
Quer no forte, no campo ou na montanha,
Vibra mais no canhão, a voz da guerra;
Da batalha sinistra a melodia
É mais alta na garganta da pesada Artilharia.
Se é mister um esforço derradeiro
E fazer do seu corpo uma trincheira,
Abraçado ao canhão morre o Artilheiro
Em defesa da Pátria e da Bandeira.
O mais alto valor de uma nação
Vibra n’alma do soldado,
Ruge n’alma do canhão.
Hurra!... Hurra!... Hurra!...